ESTE PEDEAPSA CU MOARTEA JUSTIFICABILĂ DPDV NOU-TESTAMENTAL? – SONDAJ

Iată ce cred unii evanghelici despre pedeapsa cu moartea (îmi pare rău, este în engleză și e prea mult de tradus / la încheiere aveți sursa și sondajul de opinie):

1. Instituted by God Himself

Capital punishment was instituted by God Himself after the worldwide flood.  We learn of this in Genesis 9:6–„Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.”   This verse speaks of a murderer, one who knowingly and violently sheds another man’s blood, resulting in death.   God here gives man the authority and the right and the duty to put to death the murderer:  „by man shall his blood be shed.”   The reason given for this is based upon the value and sacredness of human life:  „for in the image of God made he man.”   In this case we have justice being carried out according to the rule:  „life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth” (Exodus 21:23-24).  The penalty should fit the crime.  In this case the crime is murder and the penalty is death.   Notice that Genesis 9:6 was given to man even before the law of Moses was given.

2. „Thou Shalt Not Kill”?

Capital punishment is not a violation of the sixth commandment which says, „Thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20:13).  The proper translation of this verb is „Thou shalt not murder.”  See modern translations (such as the NASB, the NIV and the NKJV) and also see Matthew 19:18 in the KJV. All murder is killing but not all killing is murder.  Some examples of killing that would not be considered as murder are as follows:  a) killing the enemy in war (Bible examples:  David killing Goliath, Joshua and the Israelites when they conquered the land);  b) a husband, discovering a man about to kill his wife and/or children, protects and defends his family by having to kill the attacker;  c) a policeman who kills in the line of duty in order to protect innocent life; d) the person carrying out capital punishment, such as the man who must pull the switch for the electric chair;  e) accidental killing, when the killer never intended to take someone’s life.  We should also note that the Lord Jesus Christ Himself will „judge and make war” at His second coming resulting in countless numbers of deaths (Rev. 19:11-20).

3. Crimes Punishable By Death

We are assured that capital punishment is not a violation of the Ten Commandments. This is evident when one studies the chapter which immediately follows the ten commandments: Exodus chapter 21 (the Ten Commandments are found in chapter 20). In chapter 21 we learn that God in His law demanded the death penalty for a number of crimes such as murder, kidnapping, cursing parents, etc. See Exodus 21:12,15,16,17. See also Leviticus 20:10-17 for other crimes punishable by death in the law of Moses.

4. The Executioner As God’s Servant

In New Testament times capital punishment was still being practiced.   Romans 13:4 says that God has given human governments the authority to execute wrath upon evildoers by means of a sword (a common instrument of capital punishment in New Testament days).  The Apostle Paul was living in a day when capital punishment was commonly practiced in the Roman empire (quite unlike our day), and yet he did not condemn this practice.  On the contrary he described the person who bears the sword as being God’s servant.  Thus the one punishing the evildoer does so in the exercise of God’s delegated authority.

5. An Effective Deterrent

Capital punishment, when consistently practiced, is a very effective deterrent to crime because the fear of death is the greatest fear that man has (see Hebrews 2:14-15).  Since death is the king of fears, a man will think twice about committing a crime if he knows it will cost him his life.  He will be less reluctant to murder someone if he knows that the worst that could happen to him is to stay in jail the rest of his life with meals provided, television to watch, etc.  When swift justice is carried out then „those who remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil” (Deut.19:20).  When the right penalty is not executed speedily, then this is an encouragement to crime (see Eccles. 8:11).

6. Cruel and Inhumane?

Is capital punishment cruel and inhumane?  Death is usually not pleasant to witness, and certainly those responsible for putting a criminal to death do not have an enviable task.  Nevertheless we need to be careful that we do not focus on the criminal and forget about the victim of the crime.  Cold-blooded murder is very cruel and inhumane. Forcible rape is very cruel and inhumane.  Hijacking an airplane and endangering the lives of many innocent people is very cruel and inhumane. Pushing life-destroying drugs is very cruel and inhumane.  In our zeal to protect the criminal we can lose sight of the terribleness of the crime.  Regardless of a person’s position on capital punishment, all would have to agree that if a murderer is put to death, he will never murder again.  It is remarkable that those people who decry capital punishment as being a cruel and inhumane method of destroying people’s lives are often the same people who are strongly in favor of abortion rights.  Why does a guilty murderer have a greater right to life than an unborn child?

7. Paul’s Own Testimony

What did the Apostle Paul think of capital punishment?  Did he consider it to be unfair and cruel and inhumane?  We have already considered Paul’s teaching in Romans 13, but we should also make note of what the Apostle said in Acts 25:11:  „If I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die.”   Paul knew that there were certain crimes that were worthy of death, and he knew that those guilty of such crimes must be executed.  If he was guilty of such, then he would not refuse to die.  He would submit to capital punishment if he had done deeds worthy of such.  Of course, Paul was innocent of any such crimes, and yet he was eventually executed under Nero.  For what crime?  For preaching the gospel of the grace of God!

8. Bright Barbarians

Even uncultured men know deep down in their hearts that certain crimes demand the death penalty.  This is illustrated in Acts 28 when Paul was shipwrecked upon the island of Melita (Malta) where he met a group of kindly barbarians (v.1-2).   As Paul was gathering sticks for the fire, a deadly venomous snake bit him on the hand.  Normally such a bite would be fatal in a matter of minutes.  When the natives saw this they said, „No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet justice alloweth not to live” (v.4).  These natives saw what they thought was the penalty (death) and thus they assumed the crime (he must be a murderer).  They soon learned that they were mistaken, but the point is that these barbarians had a built in sense of justice and they knew that murderers should pay for their crime by death.

9. The Testimony of a Thief (Robber)

In Luke chapter 23 we have the honest testimony of a man who was being put to death for crimes he had done.  This was capital punishment by means of Roman crucifixion.   This man was an evildoer, he was arrested, and he was found guilty of crimes worthy of death.  Modern methods of execution are generally very mild and painless as compared to Roman crucifixion.  What did this man think of capital punishment?   Was he opposed to it?  Did he consider it to be cruel and inhumane?  Did he think it to be unfair and unjust?  Here is his testimony (his words to the other condemned criminal):  „Dost thou not fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?  And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds” (Luke 23:40-41).  In other words, he was saying, „We are getting exactly what we deserve:  death by crucifixion.  What we have done is worthy of death!”    Before men and before human government most of us are not guilty of crimes worthy of death.  However, before a Holy God every one of us needs to recognize that we have done certain things that are worthy of death (see Romans 1:29-32; 6:23a).  As the Old Testament says, „The soul that sinneth, it shall die” (Ezekiel 18:4). How thankful we should be that our Lord Jesus Christ suffered the death penalty for us:   „But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us” (Rom. 5:8).

10. The Death of an Innocent Man

If capital punishment is practiced, are there not times when an innocent man is pronounced guilty and put to death?  Yes, sadly this is true. Our judicial system is far from perfect and there are times when the guilty are justified and the innocent are condemned (compare Deut. 25:1). Even without the death penalty, it is true that occasionally some innocent men are sent to prison even for life.  We must remember that there is in heaven a true and righteous Judge who sees all and who knows all and who someday will make right all that is wrong and will straighten out all that is crooked.   In eternity, all will be corrected (see Luke 16:25 for an example of this).   The greatest example of an innocent man being put to death is that of the Lord Jesus Himself, „who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth” (1 Pet. 2:22).  The only sinless Man who ever lived was condemned to death by crucifixion!   As we think about Christ’s death, we must remember that it was for our sins that He suffered and bled and died (1 Cor. 15:3; Rom. 5:8).  „For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the Just (the Righteous One) for the unjust (the unrighteous ones), that he might bring us to God” (1 Pet. 3:18).  We are the guilty ones who deserved the death penalty (Rom. 6:23), but Jesus paid it all!  He died so that we might live (John 5:24)!

Articolul complet AICI.

About Cristian Ionescu

Pastor Elim Romanian Pentecostal Church Chicago, USA

11 răspunsuri to “ESTE PEDEAPSA CU MOARTEA JUSTIFICABILĂ DPDV NOU-TESTAMENTAL? – SONDAJ”

  1. Buna explicare a problemei. Daca pina acum eram cam de acord dar nu stiam sigur daca e biblic, acum sunt de acord convins. Singurul lucru e ca totusi sa-i dai omului sansa sa se pocaiasca. Dar mai ales cum e acum, condamnatii la moarte au ani de zile pina sa fie executati. Au tot timpul sa se pocaiasca, ba chiar de mai multe ori. Daca vor pot chiar sa-si programeze botezul in dimineata zilei cind vor fi executati. Nu vreau sa minimalizez severitatea pedepsei, dar cum se amintea in articol, trebuie luate toate in considerare. Si victimele, si posibilitatea de a fi altii victimizati, si mai ales a descuraja pe altii.
    Sunt sigur ca si un criminal cu adevarat schimbat, cum spunea si tilharul de pe cruce, recunoaste ca este corect sa fie condamnat si nu are probleme cu asta. Bineinteles ca daca i s-ar oferi eliberarea n-ar refuza, dar ce mesaj ar fi acesta pentru alti potentiali criminali?
    E adevarat ca e mai usor de vorbit cind nu esti in situatie, dar acum e vorba de judecat „la rece” pentru ca n-ai voie sa te pui nici in situatia condamnatului nici a victimei. Daca e vorba de personal, eu m-am mai rugat in felul asta, multumindu-I Domnului ca „nimic spurcat si intinat” nu va intra in rai, ca sa se termine odata cu silniciile lumii acesteia, si daca chiar eu as ajunge sa-mi impietresc inima si sa ma indepartez de El… Bineinteles ca imediat zic „Doamne nu ma lasa”.

  2. Daca nu poti sa dai viata nu ai voie sa o iai asta atirna de Dumnezeu El e cu pedeapsa nu oameni muritori

    • Soră Silvia, cum explicaţi atunci porunca Domnului, când a spus poporului să meargă, să nu cruţe nimic, ci să treacă prin ascuţişul săbiei orice vietate – bărbaţi, femei, bătrâni, copii, animale?

      • Ovidiu M Noi nu mai sintem sub LEGE ci sub HAR In Evanghelia lui Ioan la cap 8 Domnul ISUS nea dat o pilda vrednica de urmat Vers 3 Atunci carturarii si Fariseii iau adus o femeie prinsa in preacurvie…..4 si au zis lui ISUS ;Invatatorule femeia aceasta a fost prinsa …..5 Moise in LEGE ne-a poruncit sa UCIDEM….. 7…..ISUS le-a zis Cine dintre voi este fara pacat sa arunce cel dintii cu piatra in ea

        • Sora Silva, este vorba numai de criminali ( 1. ”Whoso sheddeth man’s blood…” Gen 9:6). Si acestia nu toti. Nu stiu mult despre aceste legi, dar cind mai auzi anumite cazuri nu-ti vine sa crezi de ce-s in stare unii…
          In ce priveste ca omul nu poate da viata deci nici s-o ia, totusi Dumnezeu a rinduit anumite autoritati. Ceva asemanator ar fi ” ceea ce legati pe pamint, va fi legat in cer” .
          Mai vorbim si noi ca unii de care nu prea depinde asta.

  3. Plata pacatului este moartea. Si nu exista om care sa nu greseasca.
    Numai Mantuitorul, Domnul nostru Iisus Hristos, care-a fost si Om si Dumnezeu in acelasi timp, n-a avut pacate. Dar el a fost totusi rastignit pentru a ne rascumpara astfel pacatele noastre, pacatele intregei omeniri.
    Datorita jertfei Lui, speram si noi ca, la invierea cea de-apoi, sa inviem si noi, si sa avem viata vesnica intru Domnul nostru Iisus Hristos, Fiul Lui Dumnezeu Celui Viu.
    Marit si Preamarit fie numele Lui, acum si pururea si-n vecii vecilor,
    AMIN!!!

  4. Nici o problemă cu traducerea, mi-a tradus Google in cîteva secunde şi mi-a citit ca de obicei vocea electronică din computer.

    La resursecreştine se află mărturia unei femei care s-a pocăit şi cu toate asteaq nu a fost scutită, a fost condamnată şi executată. Cred că sunt mai mulţi factori de luat în calcul. De pildă, cine dă sentinţa de condamnare, de obicei un om firesc, posibilitatea ca persoana condamnată să mai reprezinte un pericol public, etc. Evident, Iona a rostit o sentinţă clară. Dar fiindcă asirienii de atunci au încetat a mai fi un pericol public, executarea sentinţei a fost amînată, dar tot a venit. Răul din Sodoma sau din canaan putea să se răspîndească, dar a fost stopat prin genocid.

  5. Cine va fi dreptul care sa ridice primul piatra? Si ce mesaj transmitem daca omoram? E un sofism sa spui ca a ucide in razboi nu e ucidere. E un sofism sa spui ca daca moartea a fost stabilita prin lege, executorul nu comite o ucidere. Unde ati vazut in Biblie ca porunca a sasea zice „sa nu ucizi decat pe cei care incalca o lege”? Zice clar „sa nu ucizi”. Iar in NT, intreaba Petru „oare de cate ori voi ierta aproapelui meu? oare de sapte ori?” Va amintiti ce raspunde Domnul Nostru Iisus Hristos?

  6. Pedeapsa capitala, nu este in concordanta cu invatatura NT. Orice exemplu din VT este irelevant in legatura cu acest subiect. Da, se poate aplica pedeapsa cu inchisoare pe viata.
    Daca ar fi sa luam in considerare avorturile cu premeditare comise in lume, cam cati ar trebui pusi pe scaunul electric ? Ce sa vorbim ca, in Rusia sunt femei care au la activ si 10 avorturi, iar romancele sunt campioane in Europa!!!
    Nu toate legile civile sunt in concordanta cu invatatura Bibliei.

    • Vorbind de avorturi, e un perfect exemplu unde daca s-ar pedepsi, numarul lor s-ar reduce mult. De fapt descurajarea altora e motivul principal la multe pedepse. Nu-i razbunare. Da in problema aceasta, primi ar trebui pusi pe „scaun” cei ce dau legile.
      Nu se va intimpla curind si nici n-a fost nimeni inca condamnat la moarte pentru avort. Aici e vorba mai mult de legile actuale in America, si mai ales referintele biblice si justificarile date in cele 10 puncte.
      E un caz chiar recent pe la stiri de unul din Florida care a fost executat dupa 28 de ani pentru niste acuzari zguduitoare. Omul zice ca s-a pocait, e un alt om, si nu-i e frica de moarte.

      (http://www.tampabay.com/news/courts/criminal/florida-executes-serial-killer-david-alan-gore-after-28-years/1224751 )

      • David, faptul ca in Romania, incepind cu 1967 si pina in 1989 avortul a fost pedepsit foarte aspru, cunosti cumva ce acuzatii s-au adus celor ce au lucrat in acest domeniu? Celor ce preveneau si controlau aceste crime li s-a spus criminali.
        Apoi cei care au lucrat in combaterea homosexualilor, ca si acestia au fost interzisi prin lege, stii cum au fost etichetati?
        As mai observa citeva aspecte.
        De regula pedeapsa trebuie neaparat sa rezolve cite ceva:
        – sa fie in concordanta cu vinovatia vinovatului
        – fapta sa fie clar dovedita apoi pedepsit autorul
        – sa fie strict in limitele prevazute de lege
        -sa fie de actualitate, adica nu vei pedepsi pe cineva dupa 30 de ani de la comiterea faptei decit daca legea prevede ca faptele nu se prescriu.Este cazul genocidului sau crimelor de razboi
        -si nu in ultimul rind, pedeapsa trebuie sa aiva un caracter preventiv, adica sa determine pe altii sa nu mai comita asemenea fapte.
        Un exemplu destul de dur. In China, pentru orice forma de vinovatie legat de traficul sau consumul de droguri pedeapsa este moartea.Si de regula executiile se fac pe stadioane, deci public(in majoritate) Ei crezi tu ca actualmente China are probleme cu drogurile? iti spun eu ca nu.Este cel mai mai putin cunoscut trafic sau consum de pe planeta.
        Un punct personal de vedere. (Imi cer iertare ca nu prea este regasit in cuvintul bibliei).
        -de regula, cind o lege prevede o pedeapsa foarte mare pentru o fapta, vei constata ca acea fapta este comisa mult mai putin. Sustinerea mea merge pe faptul ca asemenea sisteme sunt utile sociatatii pentru ca o persoana care vrea sa comita o ilegalitate stie mai dinainte ce pedeapsa risca, deci nu mai este cazul sa-i plingi de mila cind se pronunta sentinta. Stia la ce se expune si deci a acceptat. Nu este nimeni obligat sa comita genocid, deci oricine poate evita pedeapsa cu moartea.Deci tu ca faptuitor hotarasti.
        – inainte de 1989 in Romania era pedeapsa cu moartea pentru delapidare care depasea 200 de mii de lei. Si iti spun eu ca la asa pedeapsa in ultimi ani nimeni nu a mai delapidat asemenea sume. deci a functionat. Nu pedeapsa este prea mare ci omul trebuie sa se teama si sa nu faca acea fapta.
        Legat de pacat si pedeapsa cred ca merita o dezbatere la fel de frumoasa si de folositoare.Decide fratele pastor Ionescu.Har si pace.

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